The Caliphate is the polity (political entity) which implements the law and spirit of Islam on Earth. Its high obligation, importance and the priority it has in Islam is something agreed upon by the ‘ulema of Islam. We’ve previously covered the Hanafi ‘ulema’s opinion on the Caliphate; in this article we present the statements of some of the scholars of the Hanbali madhhab regarding the Khilafah.
In 1258, the Mongol Ilkhanate invaded the Caliphate and ransacked the capital for 13 days, an event which we now remember as the Siege of Baghdad. They murdered the Abbasid Caliph Al-Musta’sim while imprisoning members of the Abbasid ruling family. The Mongols didn’t stop there, continuing west to Egypt and Syria. Under these conditions, the Caliphate was under siege and in a state of emergency. (more…)
In recent times, some people have made the curious argument that the Khilafah only lasted for 30 years. This article seeks to assess this claim and its basis, as well as providing some historic, textual and scholarly points in this regard, seeking to respond to the spuriousness of this claim. (more…)
Ulama of the Hanafi madhhab (school of thought), like those of the other madhahib, emphasised the role and importance of the Khilafah throughout the ages. In many respects, they had more to say about issues of ruling and governance than other ulama since many khulafa – the Abbasids and Ottomans in particular – adopted the Hanafi madhhab and sought advice and rulings from the Hanafi ulama of their times. In this article we look the views of the Hanafi scholars in this regard, as gleaned from their writings.
By Shafiul Huq*
The idea of the irrelevance of the Caliphate as a governmental model in the modern world is not altogether new. It has been raised by several writers over the past few years and came into sharp focus as a result of the (false) proclamation of a Caliphate by ISIL in 2014. While the legitimacy of ISIL’s claim has been repudiated by Muslims all over the world, this thesis itself is worth interrogating for the broader claims it makes. (more…)
More than two centuries of foreign cultural and ideological onslaught have left its mark on the Muslim psyche. The relentless attacks on various aspects of Islam on the one hand, and the continual propagation of various other “ism’s on the other, has left many Muslims, particularly those who have grown up in West, with only a vague understanding at best of some core aspects of Islam. Ruling or governance is one such aspect. Br. Uthman Badar presents in this short piece a brief outline of ruling in Islam.
This is a compilation of comments by classical scholars on the issue of Khilafah. By no means an exhaustive list, it is a selection of scholarly commentary which highlights the obligation and importance of the Khilafah. All quotes are fully referenced and the original Arabic text, along with a translation, is provided.
The Shari’ah and the Rule of Law
The year 2011 ended with an irreversibly changed Middle East where the hegemony of several dictators collapsed at the hands of their oppressed populations. The Syrian and Yemeni peoples’ immense sacrifice and desire for change continue into 2012. There is little doubt that the world will further witness the collapse of other dictatorial regimes in the region.